Artificial water bodies in the garden have long been one of the most sought after features of homeowners
and landscape designers alike. A nicely laid out garden pond adjacent
to the main residence has the ability to completely transform the
look and feel of any space. Today, we can see that garden ponds are a
feature that can be found in all kind of houses all over the globe
and in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Where should I start when designing my garden pond?
Start with deciding on the size and orientation of the pond. Think of
what kind of water body do you want, try to visual its final form.
Also give a preliminary thought on its depth, whether or not you
would want to have fishes, aquatic plants, etc.
You can position your pond near the entrance such that the guests or
other visitors can see it or in such a manner that the living or
dining space overlooks the water body. You can also think of planning
it in your yard where it will be more private with an opportunity to
develop the children’s play area around it.
When it comes to deciding the look and feel of the pond, you can
either opt for a completely wild looking water body or a slightly
more ornamental looking pond. The benefits of a wild pond are that it
is relatively easier to construct. It does not depend on electricity
since there is no need of a water pump. This pond does not need be
rigid; instead, you must allow it to blend in with the natural
landscape to the highest extent as possible. On the contrary, an
ornamental garden pond requires considerable amounts of planning and
maintenance. These ponds typically have aquatic plants, ornamental
stones, lighting features, etc. and are built to complement the house
or the surrounding landscape. You can also think of adding artificial
waterfalls/fountains that are powered by mechanical pumps as well as
decorative fishes to enhance the overall appeal of the pond.
How to choose the location for the pond?
Most ponds function best in locations that receive regular sunlight
as well as shade since this environment is ideal for plants to grow
and helps in restricting algal growth. The next thing to consider is
the location of hidden services such as gas, electricity, and water
lines. Before starting excavation, it is important that you contact
the respective agencies in order to avoid any additional repair work
or mishaps. If you have a considerably large property, make a point
to call the department of agriculture in order to know if there are
any protected watersheds and if there are any other regulations to be
considered before excavation. Lastly, avoid being too close to the
trees, this is to prevent any damage that might be caused to its
roots during excavation.
How common are garden ponds in Malaysia?
Malaysia being a tropical country has had a long tradition of large
houses with beautifully decorated garden ponds. Many of these ponds
are fitted with water fountains or other water features which help in
reducing the surrounding temperature by evaporative cooling
mechanism, thus providing much needed respite in the hot Malaysian
summers. This kind of setting is also beneficial from the point of
view of attracting birds and pets around the pond, thus adding to the
overall appeal of the space. Today, you have the option of choosing
from a variety of experts who can develop a garden pond for you at highly competitive rates.
Which are the best plants for a garden pond?
Plants not only add to the aesthetic beauty of the garden pond but
also help in maintaining its ecosystem. Hence, one of the most
important factors to consider is the weather conditions of the
region. It is recommended that you opt largely for native plants.
Reason being, these will be cheaper as well as easy to maintain. Of
course, you can also opt for exotic species. However, make sure that
these will survive in the prevalent climatic conditions. Typically,
Water lettuce, Waterlily, Jenny, Lotus, Sweet flag, etc. are the
varieties that work best in such water ponds.
Which species of fish can I choose?
Koi, Goldfish, Catfish, Carp, Orfe, Rudd, Tench, Sunfish,
Mosquitofish, are few of the best species that you can opt for. Koi
and carp can grow upto 75 cm and are suitable for larger ponds.
Goldfish are not suitable for cold climates and winter while Rudd are
more suited for smaller ponds.
What should I consider while cleaning and maintaining the pond?
Changing weather conditions are one of the leading causes of water
bodies being exposed to constant damage. It is recommended that you
periodically clean the base of the garden pond as well as locate and
mend leaks in order to prevent water loss. Ensure that the pumps are
in the best of working conditions as well as make sure to clean the
filter regularly. Further, also keep in mind to remove dead leaves
and debris from water in order to avoid buildup of toxic gases.
Lastly, if you have a fish pond, do not forget to periodically check
the oxygen levels in the pond. You can increase the levels of oxygen
and ensure good health of the plants and fishes by opting for
oxygenating aquatic plants.