Doors are one of the most basic features of any given space and are primarily installed to allow access between spaces that needs physical separation. Traditionally, doors were fabricated from wood. However, with the advent of modernisation, doors were produced from various materials such as metal, wood composite, plastic, and even glass. Amongst all the materials, glass is one of the most commonly preferred elements for fabricating doors in today’s construction landscape. Apart from the aesthetic aspects, one of the best feature of a glass door is that it allows natural light as well as a visual connect between the two separated spaces.
Glass doors could be a glass panel embedded in a wooden or metal frame, or, it could simply be a clean sheet of glass without any framing supported on floor and top hinges.
Are glass doors common in Malaysia?
Similar to the rest of world, Malaysian residential and commercial architecture heavily features doors that are manufactured from glass, both, in the interiors as well as on the exteriors. Affordable costs and easy availability of vendors has been the primary reasons for the wide acceptance of glass doors in the Malaysian context. Today, you can easily come across dealers that can supply and install glass doors for your house to perfectly fit the opening size without stretching your financial considerations.
What are the different glass types?
Standard float glass
This type of glass is the most widely utilized kind for manufacturing doors or windows. This is basically a clear glass that allows good visual connection and natural light into the covered space. However, one needs to be aware of privacy or allowing excessive amounts of daylight into the space, a factor which can eventually lead to higher cooling costs. Another important thing to consider is applying safety stickers; this is to avoid people or pets colliding into the glass due to them confusing the door with an open walk able corridor.
Extra clear glass
This glass is an upgrade of the standard float glass with low iron content being the biggest difference between the two. It is usually installed when the users desire a partition but at the same time also the best visual connection between the spaces.
These are glass types where the glass surface is given a particular texture or pattern during its formation phase. These types are mostly installed in the interior spaces with a view of providing higher privacy or enhancing the overall aesthetics.
This type of glass offers the effect of a mirror courtesy of a metal coating on one side of the glass sheet. This coating could be silver, aluminium, or even chrome. The coated sheet is then covered with another protective layer of glass.
Laminated glass is usually made up of two layers with a protective polymeric layer sandwiched between the two. The main advantage of this glass is enhanced security and safety. Particularly in case of accidents, the glass sheet remains stuck to the protective polymeric layer in spite of disintegrating into several pieces, thus, avoiding further injury and damage.
Similar to laminated glass, toughened glass is manufactured with a view of reducing damage that might be caused by accidents. The glass is toughened by a process known as thermal tempering. As a result, if the glass breaks due to an accident, it breaks down into square fragments instead of long sharp pieces. This way, the chances of a possible injury are greatly reduced.
What type of hardware is used for glass doors?
Glass doors which have wooden or metal frames can be supported on normal pin hinges while doors which are completely made of glass can be supported on floor plates on bottom and top pivots or patch plates on top. Depending upon the user requirement, hinges can be installed in a way that the door can open 90 degrees or even a full 180 degrees.
Door handles can be manufactured from a variety of materials. The most common materials are stainless steel, wood, plastic, or even glass. The major deciding factor here is usually the overall aesthetics of the space and user requirements.
Closers are an optional hardware and are installed in order to automatically get the door back in the closed position after opening it. Door closers can be exposed or concealed and are usually installed on the top of the door. In the case of floor plates, the door closers can be avoided since the floor plates have an inbuilt spring arrangement that helps the door to return back in its original position.
The locks for glass doors could be of two kinds. The usual mortise locking system that involves a lever handle and a key or an electromagnetic lock that can be opened by means of an access card or pass key that needs to be fed in an access reader. Usually the electromagnetic lock is installed with a view of precise monitoring of users; hence, it is widely installed in office and commercial spaces.