Sauna also known as the Finnish bath, is a small wooden hut or a room where a heater creates a warm relaxing room. usually the temperature ranging from 70 ° C to 100 ° C. Using a sauna is a social and a family tradition that seems to exist for more than 2000 years in Nordic countries, including Finland, probably long winters has played a role in this long lived tradition but health and wellness has been very much a part of Eastern culture for along time and in Malaysia the fusion of these ancient therapies invite us to consider having a spa area in our homes.
Don’t forget building a sauna needs to be done by professionals as it’s very critical to your health and safety of your building.
The dry sauna has a very high temperature (90 to 110 ° C) in a very dry atmosphere. This type is very popular and ideal if you are looking for a sensation of extreme heat.
Classic: It has a temperature between 70 and 90 degrees Celsius with relative humidity of 10 to 25%. It is equipped with a reservoir of hot stones which you could poured water on to generate steam.
The steam sauna: is an alternative to a traditional one, with a temperature ranging from 45 to 65 degrees Celsius and constant humidity of 40 to 65%. This creates an environment that allows both children and the elderly to enjoy the benefits. Scented oils diluted in water will accompany your relaxation.
Like everything else when choosing a product, you should first consider your needs and the space you are willing to attribute to this function, there's no need to say that sauna is a luxury addition to your home and if you could use the space or budget for something more essential. That's what you should mainly focus on.
The dimensions of the ready-made ones are ranging from 1.20 × 1.20m to 3 × 2.50m. Overall height is 2m. If you want to lie down in the sauna, choose a cabin of at least 2m space.
Your consumption depends on the size of your space; it ranges from 2 to 20 kW for the largest cabin. As a rule, to heat a standard sized room allow about 1.3 kW per cubic meter. For example, a 2m × 2m cabin requires a 6KW heater. One with large glass surfaces requires more energy.
Keep in mind that the heat from this space impacts the overall temperature of your home. One that is placed against an external wall can help save up to 500 kW energy per year.
Building a sauna is much more complicated than you might think. The cabin must be able to withstand both dry heat (over 90 degrees with less than 20% air humidity) and wet sauna conditions set by 50 °C temperature and moisture content of 60%. These conditions are very difficult for wood, so you should choose types that have excellent resistance to extreme heat and humidity.
We generally use the following types of wood:
For walls and ceilings, panels should be with a diameter of about 15 mm and from spruce (main), cedar, hemlock or pine.
For interior furnishings (flooring, benches, dressing, backrests, cushions… ), we use instead of Apache pine.For all the insolations which is not seen, Masonite an environmental friendly substance is recommended.
In addition to the internal and external panels and wooden furniture, they are equipped with mineral wool for thermal insulation, aluminum vapor barrier which prevents moisture from entering the mineral wool so it won't get moldy. Also necessary is a thick and heat resistance glass door.
The cabin must settle on stable and level ground. Coatings should be able to be washed regularly and be resistance to moisture and of course heat. In addition, it is better to use non-slip floorings. Therefore we recommend tiles or wooden decking.
First leave the door open until the next use for optimal ventilation. To clean the bulkheads and seats, use a slightly soaked sponge with warm water. And if the floor is decked with racks, lift them upright to dry them.
For the stones, empty the stone bin completely twice a year to aspirate the residues of volcanic rock and eliminate deposits of tartar in the bottom. When filling, use only intact blocks. Load the tray without forcing up to about 5 cm above the rim. During the operation, be careful to place the stones well in relation to the resistors and without obstructing the grilles of the lateral deflectors. This will overheat the stove and trigger the thermal protection.
After a session, the room is a place full of moisture. To keep the wood in good condition, it is necessary to combat the moisture. If you don't maintain the room regular enough, it can develop mold, fungus and / or develop bacteria that harm your health. That can cause skin diseases or breathing problems for example.